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战士和苍蝇

(1925)

鲁迅

战士战死了的时候,苍蝇们所首先发见的是他的缺点和伤痕,嘬着,营营地叫着,以为得意,以为比死了的战士更英雄。但是战士已经战死了,不再来挥去他们。于是乎苍蝇们即更其营营地叫,自以为倒是不朽的声音,因为它们的完全,远在战士之上。

的确的,谁也没有发见过苍蝇们的缺点和创伤。然而,有缺点的战士终竟是战士,完美的苍蝇也终竟不过是苍蝇。

The Warrior & the Fly

东山 译

When a warrior has fallen dead in battlefield, the foremost things flies try to find are his flaws and wounds. The flies suck them, hissing, intoxicated to think that they are more heroic than the fallen fighter. Since the warrior is dead and would not be able to drive them away, the flies are hissing and jeering more loudly, believing they are creating immortal voices because their bodies are more perfect than the warrior’s.

It’s true no one has ever studied or found the defects and wounds of flies. Yet, the warrior for all his flaws is a warrior, while the most dazzling fly is only a fly.

作者简介:

鲁迅鲁迅

鲁迅(1881~1936),中国现代文学的奠基者。原名周树人,字豫山、豫亭,后改名为豫才,浙江绍兴人。1918年5月,首次以“鲁迅”作笔名,发表了中国文学史上第一篇白话小说《狂人日记》。他的著作以小说、杂文为主,代表作有:小说集《呐喊》、《彷徨》、《故事新编》;散文集《朝花夕拾》;文学论著《中国小说史略》;散文诗集《野草》;杂文集《坟》、《热风集》、《华盖集》等18部。毛泽东主席评价他是伟大的无产阶级的文学家、思想家、革命家,是中国文化革命的主将,也被称为“民族魂”。

 

(原载《海外南开人》90期,02/16/2015)

 

 

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