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咏怀诗之六

阮籍


昔闻东陵瓜,近在青门外。

连畛距阡陌,子母相钩带。

五色曜朝日,嘉宾四面会。

膏火自煎熬,多财为患害。

布衣可终身,宠禄岂可赖?

 

Songs of My Heart  

(VI)

东山 译

Recluse  Dong Ling planted melons, I hear,

Right up to the black gate of the City near here.

Big and small ones with each other clinging,

Vines creeped all the fields and over the paths crossing.

The morn gorgeous sunshine glittering on them,

Noble guests came from far and near to meet him.  

Oil burns, self consuming and pain inflicting,

Too much wealth woes and disasters breeding .

Being a plebeian will for life be safe and sound,

How could favors and fortunes be counted on?

【注】

① 东陵瓜: 《史记·萧相国世家》“召平者,故秦东陵侯。秦破,为布衣,贫,种瓜于长安城东,瓜美,故世俗谓之‘东陵瓜’。” 召平或作“邵平”。东陵瓜又称“青门瓜”。《三辅黄图·都城十二门》:“长安城东出南头一门曰霸城门,民见门色青,名曰青城门,或曰青门,门外旧出佳瓜,广陵人邵平……种瓜青门外。“

膏火自煎熬: 油脂因能照明而致燃烧,比喻人因有才能或有财产而得祸。出自《庄子·人间世》:“山木自寇也,膏火自煎也。”

【诗作者简介】

ruan

阮籍 (210年~263年),中国三国时期曹魏末年诗人。字嗣宗。陈留尉氏(河南开封)人。阮瑀之子。曾任步兵校尉,世称阮步兵。思想上崇奉老庄;政治上采取谦退冲虚、谨慎避祸的态度。他与嵇康、向秀、刘伶等7人为友,常集于竹林之下肆意酣畅,世称竹林七贤。

(原载《海外南开人》83期, 07/2014)

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